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The UK economy suffered its biggest slump on record in 2020, with GDP falling by 9.9% over the course of the year.

© Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty Images A pedestrian wearing a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, walks past a closed-down shop in the City of London on January 15, 2021. – Britain’s economy slumped 2.6 percent in November on coronavirus restrictions, official data showed January 15, 2021, stoking fears that the current virus lockdown could spark a double-dip recession. (Photo by Tolga Akmen / AFP) (Photo by TOLGA AKMEN/AFP via Getty Images)

That means the Covid-19 pandemic has effectively wiped out all growth in the United Kingdom over the last 7 years, returning the UK economy to the size it was in 2013.

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There were some signs of improvement in the final months of 2020, with GDP estimated to have increased by 1% in the fourth quarter, following record growth in the third.

But there were big swings in output over the course of the October-December period, largely tracking the level of restrictions imposed to contain the coronavirus.

The scale of the annual drop in GDP last year means the United Kingdom has suffered more than many other major economies. Germany, for example, held up better in the pandemic than it did during the global financial crisis. Provisional estimates suggest Europe’s biggest economy contracted by 5% last year.

The United States fared even better by comparison, with GDP decreasing by 3.5% from the prior year.

A new national lockdown in the United Kingdom, imposed on January 5, is expected to hit the economy hard in the first quarter of 2021. Disruption to EU-UK trade following the end of the Brexit transition period on December 31 is also expected to weigh on activity.

— This is a developing story and will be updated.

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