The gains came even as thousands of President Trumpâ€™s supporters stormed the Capitol just as Congress was set to confirm that President-elect Joe Biden won the election. Trump continues to dispute the election results, without evidence, and had encouraged his supporters to attend the rallies. One person was shot during the melee, and the D.C. National Guard was activated.
Investors spent much of the day waiting for final results out of Georgiaâ€™s Senate runoff election. Raphael Warnock (D) won his race against Republican Sen. Kelly Loeffler. Democrat Jon Ossoff defeated David Perdue, whose term in the Senate ended Sunday, according to late afternoon projections.
The runoff was triggered after no candidate captured at least 50 percent of the vote in November, putting control of the Senate at play. The gain of two seats gives Vice President-elect Kamala D. Harris the tie-breaking vote.
Many investors worry that a Democratic-controlled Senate could ease the path for the incoming Biden administration to usher in tax increases and regulatory changes. But flipping the chamber also increases the odds of more fiscal stimulus, boosting companies that have been hard hit by the pandemic and the broader economy.
Ed Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA, said the session choppiness unfolded as investors grappled with still-rising coronavirus infections and confusion over the final Georgia runoff election results.
â€œFirst, there was still some confusion as far as whether or not Republicans still had a chance to win. There was a concern that these overseas votes and military ballots would take a few days to come in,â€ he said. â€œBut as it became clear that â€” okay, we had Ossoff give his, well premature, but â€” victory speech, and as more political insiders stated that this is over, I think we saw more confidence pile into this blue wave trade.â€
Moya said Wall Street analysts â€” himself included â€” were surprised by the preliminary results showing Warnockâ€™s projected win and Ossoffâ€™s lead. So was Michael Mussio, president of FBB Capital Partners.
â€œI definitely think the mantra in the base case is divided government, and that definitely seems to be waning,â€ Mussio said. â€œNow weâ€™re kind of rallying a bit, saying, thereâ€™s likely to be more stimulus behind the most recent package because of the ability to move that through.â€
Financial stocks soared, with Wells Fargo jumping nearly 7.1 percent, Bank of America growing nearly 6.3 percent and Goldman Sachs up nearly 5.4 percent. Mussio called the day of gains â€œa little bit goofy,â€ because of what a Democrat-controlled Senate might mean for the banking sector.
Chris Rupkey, MUFG chief financial adviser, advised investors to focus on the future of the economy â€” and what the Biden administration and new legislators will do to address persistent job losses during the pandemic and rising coronavirus cases. More than 359,000 Americans have died of covid-19, and nearly 21.3 million have been infected.
â€œA new government is returning to Washington and legislators are going to have their hands full as economic weakness seems to have returned,â€ Rupkey said. â€œThe path of the economy depends on the course of the pandemic, and the renewed virus outbreak has thrown the economy for a loop, which dashes the hopes of nearly 10 million Americans who lost their jobs after the pandemic hit. The worst economic downturn since the Great Depression isnâ€™t over yet.â€
Energy stocks soared Wednesday, Moya said, because investors expect the new Congress to support the Biden administrationâ€™s clean energy initiatives, which will be positive in the long-term for oil companies.
Oil markets also rallied Wednesday, though they are more focused on the pandemic and market fundamentals than the election. Brent crude, the international oil benchmark, leveled up nearly 0.8 percent to $54 a barrel. West Texas Intermediate crude, the U.S. benchmark, ticked up nearly 1.4 percent, to $50.63 a barrel.
The yield on the 10-year U.S. Treasury note jumped 8.6 percent. Bond yields move inversely to prices. Gold, another safe haven, slid 2.3 percent to $1,908.60 per ounce. Bitcoin, meanwhile, continues to skyrocket: it soared past $36,000 on Wednesday just three weeks after hitting $20,000 for the first time.
â€œBonds arenâ€™t cheap. Stocks certainly arenâ€™t cheap,â€ Mussio said. â€œSeeing things like bitcoin through the stratosphere, I think weâ€™re definitely seeing some lofty parts of the market and investors should be doing their due diligence.â€
Looking ahead, Mussio said, he expects the next big market influencer to be earnings season in the next few weeks.
â€œTwo months after the election, we donâ€™t have any elections in front of us for a while,â€ Mussio said. â€œI think part of that positive move is knowing that stuff is kind of behind us at least for the next year-plus until midterms.â€